They range from the rather ritzy to the humble, but share one common link. They are all survivors from a century of architectural upheaval in Greensboro.
The city, the state and the Greensboro Preservation Society have chosen three neighborhoods, a college campus and four structures for nomination to the National Register of Historic Places.``The structures cross social and economic and racial lines, and they represent a variety of different architectural styles,'' said Marvin Brown, an architectural historian who recently was hired to prepare applications for the nominees.
One of the neighborhood nominees, the New Town area, is unknown to most Greensboro residents.
Built in the 1920s as an expansion of the White Oak mill village, New Town contains solid, look-alike stucco homes built close together on Church and Hubbard streets. The row houses have identical garages. Instead of driveways, a common alley links each garage to the street. The neighborhood looks virtually unchanged from the 1920s.
Its selection was obvious, Brown said.
``Historically, there is probably nothing more important in Greensboro than the textile industry,' Brown said. ``If you want to look for a neighborhood that is representative of how a lot of people lived, you look at the mill village.'
If the houses were in Boston or Baltimore, they would be commonplace, Brown said.
``Greensboro is historically a town of single-family houses,' he said. ``The row houses are unusual.'
The second neighborhood on the list is the old Asheboro Street area. The street itself is now called Martin Luther King Jr. Drive, but the neighborhood retains the original name.
Dating to before the turn of the century, Asheboro Street was one of the city's earliest neighborhoods for wealthy whites, although it eventually contained many middle-class houses. It became a black neighborhood in the 1960s. Several large old homes from the turn of the century survive, as well as hundreds of smaller bungalows.
The third neighborhood on the list is Fisher Park. This area, on downtown's northern edge, was the city's first planned subdivision. Col. Basil Fisher turned a swamp there into a park near the turn of the century. He laid out the streets and lots around it.