DURHAM — The president of the Southern Baptist Convention, America’s largest evangelical denomination, posted a photo on Facebook last week of him getting the COVID-19 vaccine. It drew more than 1,100 comments — many of them voicing admiration for the Rev. J.D. Greear.
And many others assailing him.
Some critics wondered if worshippers would now need “vaccine passports” to enter The Summit Church in Durham, where Greear is pastor. Others depicted the vaccines as satanic or unsafe — or suggested Greear was complicit in government propaganda.
The divided reaction highlighted a phenomenon that has become increasingly apparent in recent polls and surveys: Vaccine skepticism is more widespread among white evangelicals than almost any other major group of Americans.
In a March poll by The Associated Press-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research, 40% of white evangelical Protestants said they likely won’t get vaccinated, compared with 25% of all Americans, 28% of white mainline Protestants and 27% of nonwhite Protestants.
The findings have aroused concern even within evangelical circles. The National Association of Evangelicals, which represents more than 45,000 local churches, is part of a new coalition that will host events, work with media outlets and distribute various public messages to build trust among wary evangelicals.
“The pathway to ending the pandemic runs through the evangelical church,” said Curtis Chang, a former pastor and missionary who founded ChristiansAndTheVaccine.com, the cornerstone of the new initiative, With white evangelicals comprising an estimated 20% of the U.S. population, resistance to vaccination by half of them would seriously hamper efforts to achieve herd immunity, Chang contends.
Many evangelical leaders have spoken in support of vaccinations, ranging from Dallas megachurch pastor Robert Jeffress to the Rev. Russell Moore, head of the Southern Baptists' public policy arm.
Jeffress believes a majority of his congregation at First Baptist Dallas welcome the vaccines, while some have doubts about their safety or worry they have links to abortion. Jeffress is among numerous religious leaders who say the leading vaccines are acceptable given their remote, indirect links to lines of cells developed from aborted fetuses.
Moore expressed hope that Southern Baptist pastors would provide “wise counsel” to their congregations if members raise questions about vaccinations.
“These vaccines are cause for evangelicals to celebrate and give thanks to God,” he said. “I am confident that pastors and lay members alike want churches full again and vaccines will help all of us get there sooner rather than later.”
Other evangelical pastors have been hesitant to take a public stance.
Aaron Harris, pastor of Calvary Baptist Church in Junction City, Kan., hasn’t discussed the vaccine from the pulpit or decided whether he'll be vaccinated.
“We don’t believe that this is a scriptural issue. It is a personal issue," said Harris, who estimates that 50% of the congregation’s older adults have been vaccinated. “We shouldn’t live in fear of the virus because we do have a faith in eternity. However, just because we aren’t in fear of it, where is the line of what we ought to do. I’m not going to lay down in front of a bunch of alligators to show my faith in that way.”
Some Christians say they prefer to leave their fate in God’s hands.
“We are going to go through times of trials and all kinds of awful things, but we still know where we are going at the end,” said Ron Holloway, 75, of Forsyth, Mis. “And heaven is so much better than here on Earth. Why would we fight leaving here?”
John Elkins, pastor at Sovereign Grace Fellowship in Brazoria, Texas, said only one person in his Southern Baptist congregation of about 50 has been vaccinated.
“We’re in a very libertarian area. There’s a lot of hesitancy to anything that feels like it’s coming from the federal government,” said Elkins, who is also forgoing the vaccine, at least for now, along with his wife.
Elkins, whose father was a professor of gynecology at the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, said his congregants' doubts are not theologically based.
“It’s skepticism about effectiveness,” he said. “People are concerned it was rushed out too quickly.”
Phillip Bethancourt, another Southern Baptist pastor in Texas, has encouraged his congregation at Central Church in College Station to get the vaccine and believes most will. The church hosted a vaccine drive for staff and volunteers at other churches.
“Even people who might be skeptical from a medical standpoint can understand it from a missional standpoint,” he said. “If it helps more people be able to serve at their church again, so more children can learn about Jesus, that’s a good thing.”
Bethancourt has spoken with congregants who spurn the vaccine and say they’re unafraid of dying if that’s God’s will.
“The sentiment doesn’t trouble me on the face of it, but there’s inconsistency,” he said. “We don’t adopt that mentality in other aspects of our life, like not wearing a seat belt.”